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Lars von Trier

Lars von Trier (born Lars trier;) (Copenhagen 30 April 1956) is a film director Danish. He was one of the creators of the Dogme 95 movement.

Biography

Born in Copenhagen (Denmark) on 30 April 1956. Danish director Lars von Trier is world-renowned for his critical view of the world expressed through his dramatic films which both provoked outcry from experts as also reviews by filming methods.

Lars von Trier was one of the creators of the Dogme 95 film movement which is called the return of more credible stories in the film industry away from special effects and mainly heading towards a minimum technical use.

His first film as film school graduate was forbrydelsens element (the element of the crime). In spite of achieving greater recognition with films like Europe (Zentropa) von Trier enshrined as one of most important film directors in Europe in 1996 with breaking the waves.

This latest production with “dancer In the dark” (which has holdings of Icelandic singer Björk, the French actress catherine deneuve, and the Swedish Peter Stormare) as “idiots” or “Dogma # 2” the trilogy of “The Golden hearts”. Now Von Trier is preparing a new trilogy in United States, whose first delivery corresponds to “Dogville” (2003), where he appeared Australian actress nicole kidman. The second part, entitled “Manderlay”, was released February 2006 in Spain.

Lars von Trier also paints pictures, one of which is on display at the top floor of the castle of April (Denmark). It reflects a universe almost monochromatic and agonizing in his films.

Children and interest in film

Communist parents and nudists, von Trier was raised in an atmosphere of thought left and film lovers. At the age of 11 he had his first, a Super 8 camera filming his friends in home-made productions and entered the Copenhagen film school in the 1980s. In 1981 and 1982 he won several awards at the Munich Film Festival for his student films.

In 1983, after having graduate had his debut film: the element of crime (1984), with this film managed to draw attention in the Cannes Film Festival where he received an award for technical achievement.

Von Trier added “Von” to his name when Professor Gert Fredholm surprised him with other colleagues of course in the Assembly room at night, and reminded them that it was time to close; the students responded blowing him to let him out of. Insults, the teacher responded by saying; “you are worse than Sealand ninat,” referring to the children of the Burghers of Copenhagen. And just after incited them put a von ahead of your last name, so that everyone would recognize them. This, his companions he hearkened not, but for Lars, have something in common with Erich von Stroheim or Josef von Sternberg he appealed, which led him to add his name really.

Lars von Trier continued his European trilogy followed by the Epidemic film in 1987. Epidemic was a director – played by himself – trying to raise money for a film within a film about a virus that decimating Germany.

After Medea for Danish television in 1988, von Trier ended his European trilogy with Europe in 1991. a black comedy in the post-war period of the Second World War in Germany. Europe got the attention of their audience with the use of overlays, rear projection, and dramatic changes between scenes in black and white and color. Renamed Zentropa for the U.S., Europe version von Trier was able to film appreciation. Disillusioned by his third place at the Cannes Festival, von Trier accepted the award thanks to the “dwarf” Roman Polanski jury Chair.

Lars von Trier continued to experiment with vision film on a filming project called dimension, which will be filmed in three-minute segments for thirty years. The results of this film are still to be seen.

Revolted against his past upon learning of his father, on the death of his mother and the fact that her father not mattered you about von Trier, of convert to Catholicism, von Trier ended his perfectionism characterised European trilogy. Wanting to achieve an honesty he admired the iconoclastic work of Carl theodor dreyer with its self-imposed artistic chastity. He was became co-author of Dogma 95 with dane Thomas vinterberg launching a collective called which calls the return of more credible stories in the film industry moving away from the special effects and mainly heading towards a minimum technical use.

For this reason his films are ruts with camera shoulder – only occasionally with a still camera. One of the key features of films is using natural lighting and editing type is unexpected scenes and shots cut in the middle of the dialogue of the characters that do not fit with the times by giving them a documentary or informal look to create greater realism, especially in critical moments of films), look for critique, can consider it as sloppy or as a method of abbreviation.

In June 1989 Lars von Trier was described himself in an interview as A melancholy Dane masturbating in the dark before the images of the film industry. While von Trier was looking for an audience wider English-speaking films achieved success resurrection of Scandinavian cinema.

Danish television

Lars von Trier has also directed series for Danish television: the kingdom (Riget) and the kingdom ii (a couple of miniseries about a haunted hospital shot in 16 mm). ernst-Hugo jaregard 1998 death prevented that von Trier conducted the third version of The Kingdom. A revival led by author stephen King series von Trier titled Stephen King’s Kingdom Hospital-based and could be taken to screen by the American chain ABC.

Recognition of criticism for their dramatic views

For his film Breaking the Waves, it was about the sacrifice of a woman and her sexual martyrdom, stood out with the participation of cinematographer robby müller and the emergence of new actress Emily watson who played a strong role and simple character, received the special jury prize at the Cannes Film Festival. Breaking the Waves was segmented in colored chapters made by painter pers kirkeby. Emily Watson, also received a nomination for the Academy Award for best actress.

After the success achieved by the celebration of Vinterberg von Trier submitted their own work of Dogma film the idiots that von Trier was able to draw attention to refuse to cut a sequence of naked for an orgy scene limited only to cover the genitals with black bars in 1998, movie shot in digital video. In 1999 von Trier was offended when producers artificially enhanced colors to launch video, something that went against the Dogme 95 movement.

In 1999, having been Executive producer of a novel for television called Denmark Morten Korch von Trier embarked for the realization of a drama-musical; and in 2000 she made dancer In the dark, film which received the Palme d’Or at Cannes for best picture and best actress for the singer Icelandic Björk who played the role of Selma, an immigrant Czech that I was being blind.

With Dancer in the Dark (dancer in the dark) von Trier was again able to surprise the public on the use of 100 still digital cameras were used for the scenes of the Björk song “I’ve Seen It All” which are set in a moving train.

In addition, “I ve seen it all” was nominated for an Oscar for best song in 2001.

With Dancer in the Dark, von Trier started fixing America, taking this step to your new project: A trilogy complete on U.S. society. The first movie that formalized this trilogy was Dogville, submitted in 2003, and attended by the particularity of having been filmed entirely inside a hangar closed with just scenery, and mere marks on the floor to indicate walls and other props. In the Australian actress nicole kidman embodies the role of Grace, a woman who is escaping from a mysterious past.

In Manderlay, second part of the trilogy, von Trier takes Grace, this time performed by the actress bryce Dallas Howard to a plantation slaves, exploited by emphasizing a few characters who suffer and are constantly humiliated by an individualistic society driven by selfishness, power, and personal interests.

At the 2009 Cannes Film Festival presents Antichrist, controversial film starring willem dafoe received harsh criticism for his sex and self-mutilation.

The last of the trilogy films America: land of opportunities will be Washington.

A peculiarity of von Trier is has aviofobia (panic to fly) and for this reason, never has exited beyond that allow highways, making difficult the occasions where your movies are in foreign territories such as the United States to do so always based thus used locations in Denmark and surroundings.

[Edit] Filmography of Lars von Trier

* Ochidégartneren (the orchid gardener) [Direction, screenplay, editing, cinematography, acting in the role of Victor Morse] (1977)

* Menthe – the bienheureuse [Direction, screenplay, editing, cinematography, acting in the role of the driver] (1979)

* Nocturne [Address and indent] (1980 – 1981)

* Den America Detalje (the last detail) [Address] (1981)

* Befrielsesbilleder (Image of relief) [Address and indent] (1982)

* Forbrydelsens Element [The element of the crime)] [Direction, screenplay, acting as a Schmuck of Ages, second unit camera operator] (1984, first part of the trilogy Europe)

* Epidemic Screenplay, editing, acting as Lars/Dr. Mesmer [address] (1988, second trilogy Europe)

* Medea [Address and indent] (1988) (TV)

* Europe (Zentropa) [Direction, script, shoot, as Jew script] (1991, third part of the trilogy Europe)

* Riget (the kingdom) Script, acting for himself [address] (1994) (TV miniseries)

* Breaking the Waves [Address and indent] (1996, first part of the Golden Heart trilogy)

* Riget II (the kingdom ii) Script, acting for himself [address] (1997) (TV miniseries)

* Idioterne (the idiots) [Direction, screenplay, cinematography, acting: interviewer voice](1998, second part of the Golden Heart trilogy)

* D-dag [Address] (2000) (TV)

* D-dag – Lise [Address] (2000) (TV)

* Dancer In The Dark [Direction, screenplay, camera operator, lyrics: “cvalda”, “In the Musicals” with Mark bell, Björk, Sjón;] [“I ve seen it all”, “scatterheart”, “107 Steps” and “New World” with Björk and Sjón] (2000, part III of the Golden Heart trilogy)

* D-dag – Den færdige film (D-dag – Editors Cut) [Address] (2001)

* D-dag – Den færdige film (D-dag – Editors Cut) [Address] (2001) (TV)

* Dogville Script, camera operator [address] ((2003), first part of the U.S.A. trilogy)

* Of Fem Benspænd (segment The Perfect Human: Avedøre, Denmark) (The five conditions) [Direction, screenplay, role of himself: Obstructor] (2003)

* Manderlay [Indent], ((2005), second part of the U.S.A. trilogy)

* The Boss of It All (Direktøren for det hele) (2007)

* Antichrist (2009)

* Wasington (in production, third part of the U.S.A. trilogy)

* Melancholia(2011)

Filmography as a partner

* Hemmelig Sommer [Performance as Lars Trier] (1969)

* Kaptajn Klyde og hans venner sell tilbage [Performance as Lars Trier] (1980)

* In Verden til forskel (A world of difference) [Performance as taxi driver] (1989)

* Lærerværelset [Indent] (1994) (TV miniseries)

* I Am Curious [Himself] (1995)

* Tranceformer – Portrait of Lars von Trier [Himself] (1997)

* Kvinnan i det låsta rummet [Thanks] (1998) (TV miniseries)

* HeLa härligheten (love fools) [Thanks] (1998)

* Constance [Executive co-producer] (Uncredited) (1998). Danish version: Constance – uddrag ung piges dagbog fra (adult version)

* Of Ydmygede (the humiliated) [Himself] (1998)

* Lars from 1-10 [Himself] (1998)

* Pink Prison [Executive co-producer] (Uncredited) (1999)

* (I) Lars von Triers governed [Himself] (1999) (TV)

* Store Klaus og Lars lille [Himself] (1999) (TV series)

* Morten Korch – Solskin kan man altid weekend [Himself] (1999)

* Kopisten (the copier) [Himself] (1999)

* Foot on the Moon [Himself] (1999)

* D-dag – Instruktørene [Emergence of himself directing] (2000) (TV)

* D-dag – Boris [Assistant] (2000) (TV)

* D-dag – Carl [Assistant] (2000) (TV)

* D-dag-Niels-Henning [Assistant] (2000) (TV)

* Von Trier’s 100 øjne (Von Trier’s 100 Eyes) [Himself] (2000)

* The Name of this Film Is Dogme 95 [Himself] (2000)

* 100 Cameras: Capturing Lars Von Trier’s vision [Himself] (2000)

* HotMen CoolBoyz [Executive co-producer] (Uncredited) (2000)

* Of Udstillede (the exhibited) Appearance as himself [indent] (2000)

* Digtere, divaer og dogmebrødre [Himself] (2001) (TV miniseries). (Episode 1.8 “2000”) (movie file)

* The 2001 IFP/West Independent Spirit Awards [Himself] (2001) (TV)

* Of Lutrede (the purified) [Himself] (2002)

* Wilbur Wants to Kill Himself [Script consultant] (2002)

* Trier, Kidman og Cannes [Himself] (2003) (TV)

* Dogville Confessions Appearance as himself [thanks] (2003)

* To Boy Named Joshua [Appearance as himself] (2004)

* Dear Wendy [Indent] (2004)

* Kingdom Hospital [Hyphen characters] (2004) (TV series)

* All About Anna [Executive co-producer] (Uncredited) (2005)

Guest appearances in television

* Mens vi venter på kometen [role of he himself.] [Episode # 1.5] (2001)

Bibliography

* Georg Tiefenbach: Drama und Regie (Writing and Directing): Lars von Trier’s Breaking the Waves, Dancer in the Dark, Dogville. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann 2010. ISBN 978-3-8260-4096-2.

Carl Theodor Dreyer

Carl Theodor Dreyer (Copenhagen, 1889 – February 3 – 20 March 1968), Danish writer and film director is one of major European film directors as all film stories.

Trajectory

His parents were Josephine Nilsson and Jens Christian Torp. His mother served on Jens Christian Torp, Sweden farm. He disowns it knowing that she is pregnant due to different social and economic class that exists between the two. Carl Theodor Dreyer was born as illegitimate in Denmark. His mother left him as Denmark, baby while she returned to Sweden. He ended up in an orphanage children was hosted by the Dreyer family in 1891 (biological mother died a few months to be adopted). Gets the name of his adoptive father, Carl Theodor Dreyer.

His adoptive parents were rigid Lutherans and their teaching probably influenced much the severity of his films.

A young man, Dreyer worked as a journalist and perhaps found his vocation writing silent film intertitles and subsequently writing scripts. His directorial debut was a limited success. Fame came to him through the film Du skal ære din hustru (the master of the House), in 1925. Success in his country was transformed into a huge triumph in France, where he moved. The Société generate you des Films commissioned you a feature film about the national heroine: Joan of arc.

The movie the passion of Joan of arc (Jeanne d’Arc passion), whose mounting also worked, appeared in theatres in 1928 and was his very first ‘classic’, but was not a success at the box office. With the help of michel champion wrote the script, based on direct studies on the original transcripts of the process. The film has influenced both the realism and film Expressionism, but without make up the characters. The sets were white and the entire film is shot from close-up.

Her next film was about a “witch vampire” (Vampyr – Der Traum des Allan Grey) (1932), based in Sheridan La fanu. It is a surreal meditation on fear, today considered master. Logic gives way to emotions and atmosphere in this story, in which a man protects two sisters of a vampire. The film contains many unforgettable, images such as that of the hero who dreams of his own burial, and one other animal’s starved of blood on the face of one of the sisters while is hijacked under the spell of the vampire. The film was originally silent, but you were added dialogue spoken by dubbing.

The film was a financial failure, and Dreyer was more than a decade without shooting. To end dies irae, a film made in 1943 a severe criticism of beliefs in witchcraft and especially his brutal repression by the fire. With this film Dreyer set the style which would distinguish their subsequent audio projects: very well-tended compositions, raw photography in black and white and takes very long.

In 1955 he filmed Ordet (the word), based on the work of eponymous theater of kaj munk. It combines a love story, Romeo and Juliet with a review of the target-style. The central character, a theologian who by his readings of soren kierkegaard, calls into question alleged religious faith of his family to death. This film won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1955. It emphasizes leisurely pace, the lack of Mount by cut between scenes, where Dreyer leaves players entering and leaving framing stage Assembly style. It is a film full of religious concerns.

The latest work by Dreyer was Gertrud (1965). While it is very different to the previous is a kind of artistic copyright, testament that it’s a woman who stays true to his ideal of love: love other paramount; even one’s own. He regrets not never taken elections.

Ratings

Although his career lasted 50 years, from the 1910s until 1960s, her vanity, rigid methods, the idiosyncrasies of their style and obstinate devotion for his own art made its production was less prolific than would have been able to expect.

It in fact preferred quality to quantity, led him to produce some of the older classics of international film. His honesty with himself and his work; as well as their fidelity to their vocation and passion, cinema as artistic expression, made to only make films he thought had to be done and as it should be done. His perfectionism led him to suspend a shoot because clouds were not in the expected direction or developing expensive sets only to make the players feel more inspired.

“Notes on style” Dreyer writes indicating his film seeks the intimate experiences of men, and it’s deep mystery and inner human conflicts.

The documentary Carl Theodor Dreyer: Min Métier’´ (my Office) contains memories of those who knew him to fund

Filmography

As director

* Præsidenten (1918)

* The pastor’s widow (Prästänkan) (1920)

* Pages of the book of Satan ( Blade af Satans bog ) (1919)

* The stigmatized (die gezeichneten) (1921)

* There was once (der var engang) (1922)

* Mikaël desire of the heart ( ) (1924)

* Du skal ære din hustru (1925)

* The Glomdal bride (Glomdalsbruden) (1925)

* The passion of Joan of arc (La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc) (1928)

* Vampyr – Der Traum des Allan Grey(1932). Vampyr

* Black jungle (Esclave blanc) (1936)

* Mødrehjælpen (1942)

* Dies Irae (vredens dag) (1943)

* Two beings (Två människor) (1944)

* The water in the field (Vandet på landet) (1946)

* Kampen mod kræften (1947)

* Landsbykirken (1947)

* Of nåede færgen (1948)

* Thorvaldsen (1949)

* Storstrom bridge (Storstrømsbroen) (1950)

* A castle in a castle (Et Slot i Slot et) (1954)

* Ordet (1955), The word

* Gertrud (1965)

Screenwriter

* Arnulf silva barthell (1912)

* Hans Grethe og (1913)

* Balloneksplosionen (1913)

* Krigskorrespondenter (1913)

* Chatollets hemmelighed (1913)

* Ned Med Vaabnene (1914)

* Juvelerernes skraek (1915)

* Penge (1915)

* Den hvide djævel (1916)

* Den skønne Evelyn (1916)

* Rovedderkoppen (1916)

* In forbryders liv og levned (1916)

* Gift Guldets (1916)

* Pavilionens hemmelighed (1916)

* Den Mystiske selskabsdame (1917)

* Hans rigtige kone (1917)

* Fange No. 113 (1917)

* Hotel Paradis (1917)

* Lydia (1918)

* Glaedens dag (1918)

* Præsidenten (1919)

* Gillekop (1919)

* Grevindens ære (1919)

* The pastor’s widow (Prästänkan) (1920)

* Pages of the book of Satan ( Blade af Satans bog ) (1921)

* The stigmatized (die gezeichneten) (1921)

* There was once (der var engang) (1922)

* Mikaël desire of the heart ( ) (1924)

* Du skal ære din hustru (1925)

* The Glomdal bride (Glomdalsbruden) (1925)

* The passion of Joan of arc (La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc) (1928)

* “Vampyr – Der Traum des Allan Grey (1932)

* Mødrehjælpen (1942)

* Dies Irae (vredens dag) (1943)

* Two beings (Två människor) (1945)

* The water in the field (Vandet på landet) (1946)

* Kampen mod kræften (1947)

* Of old (1947)

* Landsbykirken (1947)

* Of nåede færgen (1948)

* Thorvaldsen (1949)

* Storstrom bridge (Storstrømsbroen) (1950)

* Shakespeare og Kronborg (1950)

* Rønnes og Nexøs genopbygning (1954)

* A castle in a castle (Et Slot i Slot et) (1954)

* Ordet (1955)

* Noget om Norden (1956)

* Gertrud (1965)